Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Tylenol: Guide on Tylenol (Acetaminophen) Dosage, Side Effects and Precautions for the Active Extra Strength Arthritis and Pain Relief Pill


Tylenol is used in the treatment of several conditions like arthritis, headache, muscle cramps, toothaches, colds, backache, and fevers. Tylenol (acetaminophen) is a pain reliever and a fever reducer.



How Should You Take Tylenol?

It’s very important that you use Tylenol just as directed on the drug label, or as prescribed by your physician. Don't use in smaller or larger quantities or for longer than recommended because it could pose a health threat to you.

Don't take over your recommended dose of Tylenol because an overdose of acetaminophen can damage your liver or lead to sudden death.

·        Adults and teens who weigh at least 110 pounds (50 kilograms): You don't require more than 1000 milligrams (mg) at a time. Never should you consume more than 4000 milligrams in one day.
·        Children younger than 12 years old: You should know that children younger than 12 years old can not consume more than 5 doses of acetaminophen in one day. Use only the amount of mg per dose that's recommended for your child's age and weight. Use exactly as directed on the drug label and by your medical doctor.

  Prevent also using other medications that contain acetaminophen, in order for you to avoid the chance of having a fatal overdose.




What to Consider Before taking this Medication

It’s expedient that you abscond from taking Tylenol if you're allergic to acetaminophen, or when you've got serious liver disease.
Your Physician will decide whether Tylenol is safe for you to utilize when pregnant. Don't use this medication without the advice of your own health care provider if you're pregnant. Also ensure you do not take acetaminophen without a physician's advice if you've had alcoholic liver disease (cirrhosis) or should you drink more than 3 alcoholic drinks every day. You might not be able to take Tylenol.




Usual Pediatric Dose for Fever

Doses could be given as a single or repeated dose as follows:

Parenteral:

Neonates (early neonates born at least 32 weeks gestational age up to 28 days per era ): 12.5 mg/kg IV every 6 hours
Minimum Dosing Interval: 6 hours
Maximum Daily Dose: 50 mg/kg/day

Infants (29 days to 2 years old): 15 mg/kg each 6 hours
Minimum Dosing Interval: 6 hours
Maximum Daily Dose: 60 mg/kg/day

2 to 12 years: 12.5 mg/kg IV every 4 hours or 15 mg/kg IV every 6 hours
Maximum Single Dose: 15 mg/kg; not to exceed 750 mg
Minimum Dosing Interval: every 4 hours
Maximum Daily Dose: 75 mg/kg in 24 hours not to exceed 3750 mg

13 Decades or older; weight less than 50 kg: 12.5 mg/kg IV every 4 hours OR 15 mg/kg IV every 6 hours
Maximum Single Dose: 15 mg/kg; not to exceed 750 mg
Minimum Dosing Interval: every 4 hours
Maximum Daily Dose: 75 mg/kg in 24 hours not to exceed 3750 mg

13 years or older; weight 50 kg or more: 650 mg IV every 4 hours OR 1000 mg IV every 6 hours
Maximum Single Dose: 1000 mg
Minimum Dosing Interval: every 4 hours
Maximum Daily Dose: 4000 mg in 24 hours

Oral:

10 to 15 mg/kg orally every 4 to 6 hours as necessary not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
Alternatively, use weight), then age:
2.7 to 5.3 kg (0 to 3 weeks): 40 mg orally every 4 hours as required not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
5.4 to 8.1 kg (4 to 11 weeks): 80 mg orally every 4 hours as needed not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
8.2 to 10.8 kg (12 to 23 months): 120 mg orally every 4 hours as required not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
10.9 to 16.3 kg (two to three years): 160 mg orally every 4 hours as required not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
16.4 to 21.7 kg (4 to 5 years): 240 mg orally every 4 hours as required not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
21.8 to 27.2 kg (6 to 8 years): 320 mg orally every 4 hours as required not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
27.3 to 32.6 kg (9 to 10 years): 400 mg orally every 4 hours as required not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours
32.7 to 43.2 kg (11 to 12 years): 480 mg orally every 4 hours as required not to exceed 5 doses in 24 hours




Dose Adjustments

Use caution in patients with alcoholism, chronic malnutrition, acute hypovolemia (e.g. because of dehydration or blood loss); A diminished daily dose may be justified.

Suspected Overdose:

·        When an overdose is suspected, get a serum drug level when you can, but no earlier than 4 hours following oral ingestion.






Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided in this book is up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof.



This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. This is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. The author does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information provided.

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